To Chairman of the State Duma
On September 16, 1999 in Volgodonsk, Rostov Region, the largest-scale terrorist attack (in terms of destruction and the number of victims) was committed in Russia (officially more than 16194 victims, of which about 1000 were children).
But still in Russia there is no federal law on the social protection of victims of terrorist attacks.
On November 29, 1985, the UN General Assembly adopted the “Declaration of Basic Principles of Justice for Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power”.
Based on this UN Declaration, a draft “UN Convention on Justice and the Support of Victims of Crime and Abuse of Power” was developed
On July 11, 2002, the Council of Europe Committee approved the “Guidelines in the field of human rights and the fight against terrorism”, where in Art. XVII “Compensation for victims of terrorist acts” said:
“If the compensation for damage cannot be fully ensured from other sources, in particular the confiscation of property belonging to the perpetrators, organizers and sponsors of terrorist acts (as, for example, in our case), the state must, in relation to such acts committed on its territory, facilitate compensation for damage to the victims of injuries and injuries to health. ”
On March 2, 2005, the Committee of Ministers of the Council of Europe adopted “Guidelines for the Protection of Victims of Terrorist Acts”
On June 1, 2007, the Council of Europe Convention on the Prevention of Terrorism of the CETS No. 196, where there is Art. 13 – “Protection of Compensation and Support for the Victims of Terrorism.”
In the Russian Federation, despite the signed international treaties, the legal status of “victim of a terrorist act”, “disabled person as a result of a terrorist attack” has not yet been determined.
The Federal Law No. 35-ФЗ On Countering Terrorism, adopted in 2006, does not define the legal status of “Victim of a terrorist attack,” “Disabled person as a result of a terrorist attack.”
In the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 6 dated January 12, 2007, “On the Approval of the Rules for the Social Rehabilitation of Victims of a Terrorist Act, as well as of Persons Participating in the Fight against Terrorism”, there is also no concept of “Victim from a terrorist attack” “Disabled person as a result of a terrorist attack” »And the mechanism of immediate, medium-term, long-term care for this category of Russian citizens has not been determined; for disabled people as a result of the terrorist attack, compensation for compensation for harm to health has not been determined.
Until today, there is no line in the Budget of the Russian Federation “Social rehabilitation of victims of terrorist attacks”, thus and Federal Law No. 35 “On Countering Terrorism”; Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 6 dated January 12, 2007 “On Approving the Rules for the Implementation of Social Rehabilitation of Victims of a Terrorist Act and of Persons Participating in the Fight against Terrorism” are not financially and accordingly cannot be performed.
Disabled people as a result of terrorist attacks do not receive compensation for the injuries received, and are equated with disabilities for the general disease.
In Russia, there is no program for the medical rehabilitation of children and disabled people affected by terrorist attacks.
We appeal to you as the chairman of the State Duma of the Federal Assembly of the Russian Federation with a request to fill this gap in the legislation and make an amendment to the Federal Law No. 35 “On Countering Terrorism”, in the Decree of the Government of the Russian Federation No. 6 dated January 12, 2007 “On approving the rules for social rehabilitation victims of a terrorist act, as well as persons involved in the fight against terrorism, ”to bring these documents into line with the Constitution of the Russian Federation and international legal acts.
Chairman of the Coordinating Council
RPO for the protection
of the rights of victims
of the terrorist attack
in Volgodonsk ‘Volga-Don’
/ Irina Ivanovna Khalai /